Solargenix, Energy, LLC,June 22, 2001(Solargenix Energy at www.solargenix.com):
As told by God(Or the truth is):
Brief on Chamalapura coal fly ash & smog disaster. Prevent a cancer epidemic and millions of infant mortalities and still births all over India
Is there a disaster? ... Yes, a slow yet 'silent' deadly disaster.
Is it well known? ... No! This 'silent' environmental disaster is not known generally
by the majority of public. The public will hear of these problems from time to time. However, the
powers that be use media and industrial psychology to falsely cover or distract from the truth.What is this disaster? ... Massive production of poisonous fly ash and smog
from burning coal. The inadequate disposal of fly ash in Chamalapura is causing(He sees!)
long term poisoning. Note that coal is one of the most impure of fuels.Where is the source of this disaster? ... Chamalapura Power Station.
What are the 'powers that be' doing about this? ... Very little!Why "very little" ? ... Adequate disposal is very costly. It is cheaper to keep the many environmental problems concealed from the general public.What is coal fly ash? ... It is fine particulate ash resulting from the combustion of coal, and discharged as airborne emissions whereby much is recovered by solidification
while suspended in the exhaust gases, being collected by electrostatic precipitators or filter bags. As the particles solidify while suspended in the exhaust gases, fly ash particles are usually spherical in shape and range in size from 0.5 - 100 μm.
What is this smog? ... It is a result of the poisonous gases containing nitrogen oxides and sulphur dioxide combining with other pollutants to form the most noxious parts of this smog. Note that these gases cause acid-rain damage. Acid rain is a broad term referring to a mixture of wet and dry deposited material from the atmosphere containing higher than normal amounts of nitric and sulfuric acids. Prevailing winds can blow these compounds over hundreds of kilometres.
What pollutants does fly ash consist of ?
It consists of inorganic incombustible matter present in the coal that has been fused during combustion into a glassy amorphous structure. Coal can range in ash content from 2%-30%, and of this around 85% becomes fly ash, with the remaining 15% called bottom ash which isn't lifted up by the flue gases. Fly ash contains silicon dioxide, aluminium oxide, iron oxide, and heavy metals including nickel, vanadium, arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, barium, chromium, copper, molybdenum, zinc, lead, selenium and traces of radioactive materials.
As large amounts of fly ash are produced, a tremendous amount of radioactive waste is generated. This radioactivity is due to the elements in the decay chain of uranium and thorium; the radium is of concern as 226Ra decays to form radon (222Rn) which has a half-life of days and is able to form mobile daughter radioisotopes.This type of radioactive material often is known by the code name NORM. Note that when you inhale radon 222, it converts to deadly radioactive polonium 210, a solid: which cannot be washed out of your lungs! Remember Litvinenkov?Producers of fly ash contend that this ash is harmless and has similar properties to soil. This is not correct!
It has been estimated that about 7 million tonnes (Mt) are disposed of annually in Australia, 40 Mt in the United States and hundreds of megatonnes in India and China. As a result, the disposal of fly ash is a growing concern.
Station propose to do with its fly ash?
Collected ash is disposed in ash ponds and landfills, while some is sold for use in the cement and other industries. Ash would be seen on adjacent land to Chamalapura Power Station, like in Raichur a result of being blown by wind. Small amounts no doubt must blow for hundreds of kilometres over the years.
Poisonous gases and fly ash
blowing in the wind make
Burning coal produces smog and harms our health -
Estimates are that air pollution costs Ontario more than $10 billion per year in health care costs, lost work time and other quantifiable expenses, as well as killing an estimated 2,000 Ontarians each year. The OMA has declared air pollution "a public health crisis" in Ontario. Coal-fired power plants are the single largest industrial contributors to this crisis. These plants are major producers of nitrogen oxides, which combine with other pollutants to form ground-level ozone, one of the most noxious parts of the smog brew. Sulphur dioxide, which contributes to the yellow haze that hangs over Southern Ontario is a major factor in causing acid-rain damage to lakes, rivers and forests.
Mercury can, in even tiny amounts, have a devastating impact on the human nervous system, especially for children and the unborn. Exposure to mercury can cause brain and kidney damage and even death. Mercury exposure has also been linked to impairment of children's reasoning skills.
Lead, which is also particularly harmful to children can cause brain damage, impair growth, damage kidneys and cause learning and behavioral problems. See the lead story of Chandigarh below, which may be reenacted around Chamalapura.
Heavy metals, including cadmium and chromium are known cancer-causing toxins. The pollution coming out of Raichur's giant smokestacks is the equivalent of the pollution produced by 3.3 million cars. Its emissions contribute not only to the choking smog that lies over Raichur every summer, but also to
the devastating impacts of global climate change and to the well-known problems caused by acid rain.
Note the large white areas which consist of the dumped poisonous fly ash. Photo by P. Bhima.
Close-up view of the electricity generation plant. Photo by Alan Johnstone.
One ton of dirty coal might bring Rs 750 in profit. Weigh this against what a ton of coal costs in ill-health: Rs. 1250 in medical care for the inhabitants of the bleak(remember Neiveli lignite Town) cancer-ridden mining towns- where the sky, my Chinese friend informs, is never blue. Now just get the numbers for Chamalapura Coal Fired Enslavement: 1.5 men per MW for mining(Ref 2): 1000 MW: 1500 men, 7500 total family members. Coal used per year 2.555 Million Tons.
In line with the requirement of the Precautionary Principle applied into the far future, we must integrate the effects including those of the flyash products but also of the heavy metals on the entire living community not only in the regions of the mining communities but also what happens to the entire eco-resources some 100 km radius around the Chamalapura location of the power plant.We must also factor in all the effects of the global warming including massive displacement. This must also extend to several generations some 16000 years or more into the future because of the long lived internal radioactive contaminants(ex. Raduim 226). Assuming some 7500 person units like in the mining communities each with a group health care cost of Rs 1250/y,
Total medicare costs/y=
2.555*7500*1250*10^6=Rs 23.9531 trillion(million million)/year.
Total profits/year=2.555*750*10^6= Rs 1916250000/year.
Thus the medicare/health care of the entire living system costs 12500 times the profits every year! This is the inequality of the benefits, that the slave trade represents!
And now Kudgi. See